Avian influenza refers to infection of birds with avian influenza Type A viruses. These viruses occur naturally among wild aquatic birds worldwide and can infect all type of poultry and other bird and animal species.
Poultry can be infected with avian influenza A viruses in their intestines and respiratory tract, but usually do not get sick. However, avian influenza A viruses are very contagious among birds and some of these viruses can sicken and even kill certain domesticated bird species including chickens, ducks, and turkeys.
Recently, outbreaks of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza have been increasing all over the world. In January 2020 alone, cases of H5N8 influenza have caused outbreaks in Hungary, Poland and Slovakia and caused the mortalities of about 13,000 birds. These outbreaks have been associated with indirect contact with wild birds and possibly infected fomites, vehicles or footwear.
Enhancing biosecurity measures and vaccination are crucial steps in preventing the spread of the disease and protecting the flock from the deadly and infectious disease. Vaccination against A.I. has proven to be effective when the exact virus strain and clade is known, but it has been known that influenza viruses are extremely variable and even minor changes in their genetic make-up can render a vaccination protocol ineffective. These viruses are also quick to evolve and change their structure very quickly.
For disinfection, the investment into an effective, registered, tried and tested disinfectant is crucial in protecting the flock from A.I.. The disinfectant Intra Multi-Des GA produced by Intracare has been officially registered and tested against Avian Influenza viruses and therefore is recognized as one of the most powerful disinfectants on the market. Studies for registration by the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) as well as the Dutch and English relevant biocide authorities encompass strict environmental conditions for the testing of a disinfectant to ensure that the disinfectant is effective in all practical situations.